Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009. pp634-9. The last stages of the election were contested between the opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko and the incumbent Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych from the Party of Regions. Pora set up a protest camp immediately, but other groups awaited the run-off vote. In order to support the presence in Kiev of demonstrators from around the country, the campaigners took over public buildings, offered private homes, and set up open kitchens. Tulip Revolution, Kyrgyzstan, 2005. The results of the second round were protested by the opposition in connection with massive falsifications. Orange Revolution, Ukraine, 2004. His first cabinet served only until September 2005, when he dismissed all his ministers, including Prime Minister Yuliya Tymoshenko, a fellow leader of the Orange Revolution. In 2011 former prime minister Tymoshenko, the country’s most popular politician, was convicted of abuse of power in connection with a 2009 natural gas deal with Russia and given a seven-year prison sentence. In exchange, Ukraine would receive a reduction in the price of Russian natural gas. 2004 Presidential Election - Orange Revolution. On December 26, 2004, observers from around the world monitored the elections in order to prevent fraud. Many observers believed both trials were politically motivated. Demonstrators from outside Kiev also came to the capital to join in the protests. Yushchenko subsequently defeated Yanukovych by garnering some 52 percent of the vote. Although international observers determined that the poll had been fair, Tymoshenko declared the results fraudulent and refused to recognize Yanukovych’s victory; she and her supporters boycotted the inauguration of Yanukovych on February 25. One important factor that has influenced both events is international intervention by Russia, the The joining order of groups and elites is not known. As the Yanukovych administration continued its pivot towards Moscow, EU leaders expressed concern about the preservation of the rule of law in Ukraine. In April 2010, following a fractious parliamentary debate, Ukraine agreed to extend Russia’s lease of the port at Sevastopol, originally set to expire in 2017, until 2042. These events have changed Ukraine's history. More and more Ukrainians joined the protests every day. Subtelny, Orest. Prime Minister Yanukovych’s supporters also held demonstrations, especially in the south and east. Exit polls, on the other hand, showed Yushchenko winning by 11%. Third, the events in November 2004 forever changed relations between Ukraine and Russia. Ukraine has long played an important, yet sometimes overlooked, role in the global security order. Deliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agents, 122. Yanukovich's sudden tack towards Russia has provoked the biggest street protests since the 2004-5 Orange Revolution, when people power forced a re-run of a fraud-tainted election and thwarted his first run for the presidency. Ukraine's "orange revolution" is a genuine outpouring of popular sentiment for freedom and justice. In December 2012 sitting Prime Minister Azarov formed a government with the support of Communist and independent deputies. Noncooperation by constituent governmental units, 198. The “Orange Revolution” by Ukrainians was successful. The following week Tymoshenko’s government was felled by a vote of no confidence and Mykola Azarov of the Party of Regions was installed as prime minister. Miners that favored Yanukovych made their way to Kiev, but they were largely outnumbered by the pro-Yushchenko demonstrators. Citizens in other parts of the country also held local protests, demonstrations, and strikes. On December 26, 2004, observers from around the world monitored the elections in order to prevent fraud. Despite the confrontational nature and huge size of demonstrations, the pro-Yushchenko campaigners were determinedly nonviolent, with organizers like Pora having been influenced by the writings of Gene Sharp. Ukraine - Ukraine - The Orange Revolution and the Yushchenko presidency: The presidential election of 2004 brought Ukraine to the brink of disintegration and civil war. The campaigners were successful in gaining an open and fair run-off vote in which Yushchenko was determined as the next president of Ukraine. Displays of flags and symbolic colors, 150. On November 28, a high up government official (either the Interior Minister or the Chief of Staff) ordered troops to move in on the demonstrators. In 2004-2005 mass protests lasting for two months - the Orange Revolution - helped bring to power pro-Western President Viktor Yushchenko, who … Because neither had won a majority of votes, a runoff poll was held on February 7. After negotiations that lasted until December 8, Yanukovych and Kuchma agreed to a new run-off vote, when Yuschenko and the parliament agreed to measures that would limit the future president’s power. In what was widely seen as an attempt to thaw relations with the EU, Yanukovych pardoned the imprisoned Lutsenko and ordered his release in April 2013. In September Yushchenko’s health began to fail, and medical tests later revealed he had suffered dioxin poisoning (allegedly carried out by the Ukrainian State Security Service), which left his face disfigured. By November 2004, Ukraine, with a population of 48 million people, boasted some 6 million distinct users accessing the Internet. 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