"Taste death" implies His personal experimental undergoing of death: death of the body, and death (spiritually) of the soul, in His being forsaken of the Father. power--Satan is "strong" ( Matthew 12:29 ). God sent two of them to guard the tree of life in the Garden after the fall. 35 The vine-growers took his slaves and beat one, and killed another, and stoned a third. The "that," &c. is connected with "crowned with glory," &c. thus: His exaltation after sufferings is the perfecting or consummation of His work ( Hebrews 2:10 ) for us: without it His death would have been ineffectual; with it, and from it, flows the result that His tasting of death is available for (in behalf of, for the good of) every man. 2 For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and The saving of our soul was at stake and should be taken seriously. crownedst him with glory and honour--as the appointed kingly vicegerent of God over this earth (Genesis 1:1-2:25'). Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. "Signs" and miracles, or other facts regarded as proofs of a divine mission; "wonders" are miracles viewed as prodigies, causing astonishment ( Acts 2:22 Acts 2:33 ); "powers" are miracles viewed as evidences of superhuman power. The gift of the Holy Spirit was given to Christ without measure ( John 3:34 ), but to us it is distributed in various measures and operations ( Romans 12:3 Romans 12:6 , &c. 1 Corinthians 12:4-11 ). (2) “Help” is positive (future). 7. a little--not as BENGEL, "a little time." And You crown him with glory and majesty! one . Hebrews 2 – Jesus, Our Elder Brother A. Therefore we must give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away. 3. Who does the author believe the penman to be? perfect--"to consummate"; to bring to consummated glory through sufferings, as the appointed avenue to it. For He has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; But when he cried to Him for help, He heard. (Compare Psalms 144:3 ). The official words and acts of all the prophets find their antitype in the Great Prophet ( Revelation 19:10 ), just as His kingly office is antitypical to that of the theocratic kings; and His priestly office to the types and rites of the Aaronic priesthood. Whatever passes through the paths of the seas. From the … Until He came, the understanding of salvation was shrouded. For in that--that is, "For in that" God saith in the eighth Psalm, "He put the all things (so the Greek, the all things just mentioned) in subjection under him (man), He left nothing . It was through his son –and they killed him too. 14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might break the power of him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil— 15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. We are "brethren" of Christ in a nearness not enjoyed even by angels ( Hebrews 2:10-12 Hebrews 2:16 ). 31 They will come and will declare His righteousness To a people who will be born, that He has performed it. Death's power was manifest; he who wielded that power, lurking beneath it, is here expressed, namely, Satan. 11. he that sanctifieth--Christ who once for all consecrates His people to God ( Jude 1:1 , bringing them nigh to Him as the consequence) and everlasting glory, by having consecrated Himself for them in His being made "perfect (as their expiatory sacrifice) through sufferings" ( Hebrews 2:10 , Hebrews 10:10 Hebrews 10:14 Hebrews 10:29 , John 17:17 John 17:19 ). 21 Save me from the lion’s mouth; From the horns of the wild oxen You answer me. There was the Law with its sacrifices –disclosing that one life had to be sacrificially given so that another life could be saved. On the cross, whereon as Priest He offered the sacrifice, He had the title "King" inscribed over Him [BENGEL]. Hebrews 2:1-18 . Although the prophets were mere people, disregarding their messages brought about hardships, captivity by foreign nations and sometimes physical death. Soon the temple would be destroyed by the Romans and the Levitical Priesthood halted. 10. "Sons" ( Hebrews 2:10 ), "brethren" ( Hebrews 2:12 ), and "children," imply His right and property in them from everlasting. 34 When the harvest time approached, he sent his slaves to the vine-growers to receive his produce. (Hebrews 2:5-9). As such, He has been given the extraordinary title of merciful and faithful High Priest. Definition of a priest, Chapter 5:1-10. And the outcome of this ordeal would bring punishment for those leaders and for the nation. And the son of man that You care for him? Nowhere, except in Psalms 110:4 , Zechariah 6:13 , and in this Epistle, is Christ expressly called a priest. “He will bring those wretches to a wretched end, they replied, and he will rent the vineyard to other tenants, who will give him his share of the crop at harvest time.”. . 9. Jesus came back as a witness that life now reigns over death –He obliterated Satan’s power over mankind. 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the children--before mentioned ( Hebrews 2:13 ); those existing in His eternal purpose, though not in actual being. . Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. But--We see not man as yet exercising lordship over all things, "but rather, Him who was made a little lower than the angels (compare Luke 22:43 ), we behold (by faith: a different Greek verb from that for 'we see,' Hebrews 2:8 , which expresses the impression which our eyes passively receive from objects around us; whereas, 'we behold,' or 'look at,' implies the direction and intention of one deliberately regarding something which he tries to see: so Hebrews 3:19 , 10:25 , Greek), namely, Jesus, on account of His suffering of death, crowned," &c. He is already crowned. "It's hard to understand, why not make it simpler?". 13. Those who heard Him repeated His message. 8. Or the son of man, that You are concerned about him? In respect to the subjecting of all things to Christ in fulfilment of Psalms 8:1-9 , the realization is still "to come." The authors say, "Therefore let us go on toward perfection..." giving a list of the basic teachings of … The Latin epigram says, Mors mortis morti mortem nisi morte tu lisset, Æternæ vitæ janua clausa foret. And that continued right up to the instant of His death. The Passover lamb took the place of the Hebrews’ firstborn when death passed through Egypt. a. divers miracles--Greek, "varied (miraculous) powers" ( 2 Corinthians 12:12 ) granted to the apostles after the ascension. The farmers killed some of them and wounded the others. So the discourses of Jesus, for example, the Sermon on the Mount, and the first proclamation of the Gospel kingdom by the Lord ( Matthew 4:17 ), he could only know by the report of the Twelve: so the saying, "It is more blessed to give than to receive" ( Acts 20:35 ). When it is said, Exodus 20:1 , "God spake," it is meant He spake by angels as His mouthpiece, or at least angels repeating in unison with His voice the words of the Decalogue; whereas the Gospel was first spoken by the Lord alone. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he … Psalms 8:5-7 praises Jehovah for exalting MAN, so as to subject all the works of God on earth to him: this dignity having been lost by the first Adam, is realized only in Christ the Son of man, the Representative Man and Head of our redeemed race. 5 Yet You have made him a little lower than God, And You crown him with glory and majesty! that through death--which He could not have undergone as God but only by becoming man. After it was at the first spoken through the Lord, it was confirmed to us by those who heard, God also testifying with them, both by signs and wonders and by various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit according to His own will. subject to bondage--literally, "subjects of bondage"; not merely liable to it, but enthralled in it (compare Romans 8:15 , Galatians 5:1 ). The quote in this passage is from the Psalm 8. For the Saviour's participation in the lowness of our humanity is not mentioned till Hebrews 2:14 , and then as a consequence of what precedes. 3 When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have ordained; 4 What is man that You take thought of him, And the son of man that You care for him? 4. them--rather, "God also [as well as Christ, Hebrews 2:3 ] bearing witness to it," &c. joining in attestation of it." The Death Angel killed all the firstborn in Egypt who didn’t have the lamb’s blood on their doorposts. Therefore--Because Christ the Mediator of the new covenant is so far ( Hebrews 1:5-14 ) above all angels, the mediators of the old covenant. It was a mission beneath Jesus’ position and the respect He was due. 46 When they sought to seize Him, they feared the people, because they considered Him to be a prophet. For the choir director; upon Aijeleth Hashshahar. I and the children whom God has given me. in that--rather as Greek, "wherein He suffered Himself; having been tempted, He is able to succor them that are being tempted" in the same temptation; and as "He was tempted (tried and afflicted) in all points," He is able (by the power of sympathy) to succor us in all possible temptations and trials incidental to man ( Hebrews 4:16 , 5:2 ). And again, I will put My trust in Him And again, Behold, I and the children whom God has given Me. But there would be a reward at the end –a crown of glory and honor, and the entire creation’s submission to Him. The Hebrews who lived during and after Jesus’ lifetime knew that He preached that faith was the path to righteousness –that He was the way into the kingdom of Heaven –that only He could take them to God, His Father. But there were clues about what it would entail. He is crowned as the Head in heaven of our common humanity, presenting His blood as the all-prevailing plea for us. There would be a sign that this was about to take place. For if the word spoken through angels [messengers] proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just penalty, how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? The mediation of angels in the giving of the Law of Moses was not stated at that time, the nearest thing to it being found thus: "He came with ten thousands of saints; from his right hand went a fiery law before them" (Deuteronomy 33:2). . For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him. At Psalms 22:22 , which begins with Christ's cry, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" I will put my trust in him--from the Septuagint, Isaiah 8:17 , which immediately precedes the next quotation, "Behold, I and the children," &c. The only objection is the following words, "and again," usually introduce a new quotation, whereas these two are parts of one and the same passage. In Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:11 the word tabernacle however means the heavenly sanctuary. When Christians drift, he said, they are in turn neglecting the gift of salvation. The meanings of their names tell the familiar story. v. 1 — Definition of a priest: “Taken from among men”; God in His electing love, by Christ's finished work, perfectly sanctifies them to God's service and to heaven once for all: then they are progressively sanctified by the transforming Spirit "Sanctification is glory working in embryo; glory is sanctification come to the birth, and manifested" [ALFORD]. “For both He who sanctifies [that’s Jesus] and those who are sanctified [that’s believers] are all from one Father.” Since He, and now they, have the same Father, “He is not ashamed to call them brethren.”. Or the son of man, that You are concerned about him? 23 You who fear the Lord, praise Him; All you descendants of Jacob, glorify Him, And stand in awe of Him, all you descendants of Israel. The author of sin is the author of its consequences. From the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have established strength. If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” 41 In the same way the chief priests also, along with the scribes and elders, were mocking Him and saying, 42 “He saved others; He cannot save Himself. . the more earnest--Greek, "the more abundantly." You have made him for a little while lower than the angels [messengers]; You have crowned him with glory and honor, And have appointed him over the works of Your hands; You have put all things in subjection under his feet. Those traditions form a set of pictures. Similarly, what Christ did during His ministry is greater than the ministry of the Levitical priests (Hebrews 8:3-6), greater than the old covenant (Hebrews 8:7-13), greater than the old sacrifices (Hebrews 10:1-14), and greater than anything they received at Mount Sinai (Hebrews 12:18-24) — Christ’s ministry is the completion of these things. Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. || (This page was last updated on Jan 09, 2020), 33 “Listen to another parable. "Not only as God He knows our trials, but also as man He knows them by experimental feeling.". Christ, The Way to God. Paul said that we must keep the Word of God at our core in order to ward off sin. He is the Son over God's house. He had no sin Himself, and "made reconciliation for the iniquity" of all others ( Daniel 9:24 ). 5. faithful--true to God ( Hebrews 3:5 Hebrews 3:6 ) and to man ( Hebrews 10:23 ) in the mediatorial office which He has undertaken. Hebrews was obviously written before what event? and even individuals ( Matthew 18:10 ). g. In the midst of the assembly I will praise You. Furthermore, God the Father adopts everyone who puts their trust in His Son. We, like them, still pray, "Thy kingdom come"; for its manifestation in glory is yet future. Paul probably alludes to Isaiah 41:8 , Jeremiah 31:32 , Septuagint, from which all Jews would know well that the fact here stated as to Messiah was what the prophets had led them to expect. 6 You make him to rule over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet, 7 All sheep and oxen, And also the beasts of the field, 8 The birds of the heavens and the fish of the sea, Whatever passes through the paths of the seas. Salvation presupposes destruction, deliverance from which for us required Christ's "sufferings." 40 Therefore when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine-growers?” 41 They said to Him, “He will bring those wretches to a wretched end, and will rent out the vineyard to other vine-growers who will pay him the proceeds at the proper seasons.”, 42 Jesus said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures, ‘The stone which the builders rejected, This became the chief corner stone; This came about from the Lord, And it is marvelous in our eyes’? Its phrase You have made him for a little while lower than the angels. A Psalm of David. 39 And those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads 40 and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! took not on him, &c.--rather, "It is not angels that He is helping (the present tense implies duration); but it is the seed of Abraham that He is helping." Found in Paul's speech, Acts 26:19 . Compare "It is finished," Luke 24:26 , John 19:30 . 6 But I am a worm and not a man, A reproach of men and despised by the people. Then, with His resurrection, He proved that life continues on after physical death. It concluded by telling them to be mindful that their Lord was coming. Each fresh aid given Him assured Him, as it does them, of aid for the future, until the complete victory was obtained over death and hell Philippians 1:16 [BENGEL]. ( Hebrews 2:14 Hebrews 2:15 ). The prophets after Moses carried God’s warnings to the people –to bring them back on course in their role as His priests. 2:1 "F or this reason" This refers to the truths of chapter 1. " Although Psalm 22:22-31 only hints at His resurrection, it plainly declares that He lives and governs for all eternity. This scheme of redemption was altogether such a one as harmonizes with the love, justice, and wisdom of God. Satan has acquired over man (by God's law, Genesis 2:17 , Romans 6:23 ) the power of death by man's sin, death being the executioner of sin, and man being Satan's "lawful captive." . When Abraham’s knife was ready to plunge, a substitute miraculously appeared just in time to take Isaac’s place on the altar. unto glory--to share Christ's "glory" ( Hebrews 2:9 ; compare Hebrews 2:7 , John 17:10 John 17:22 John 17:24 , Romans 8:21 ). He fully paid (propitiated) the penalty for all sin so there is no reason to be afraid of God inflicting punishment on believers. It’s not the believers who followed Him while He was living on the earth. You have made him for a little while lower than the angels. so great salvation--embodied in Jesus, whose very name means "salvation," including not only deliverance from foes and from death, and the grant of temporal blessings (which the law promised to the obedient), but also grace of the Spirit, forgiveness of sins, and the promise of heaven, glory, and eternal life ( Hebrews 2:10 ). But He also had to be like those He came to die for. we must" This is the term "dei," which means moral necessity. All those who go down to the dust will bow before Him. Priesthood of Melchisedec. (Read Hebrews 2:1-4) Christ being proved to be superior to the angels, this doctrine is applied. Man, in his original creation, was set next beneath them. In fact, this triplet points to a fuller description of His experience on the cross. This proceeds from the corruption of our nature, temptations, worldly cares, and pleasures. 12. and didst set him over the works of thy hands--omitted in some of the oldest manuscripts; but read by others and by oldest versions: so Psalms 8:6 , "Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands.". From start to end, their lives illustrated that trusting God resulted in life. Isaiah (meaning "salvation of Jehovah") typically represented Messiah, who is at once Father and Son, Isaiah and Immanuel ( Isaiah 9:6 ). Proud member
Death, viewed apart from Christ, can only fill with horror, if the sinner dares to think. "Christ exhibited this "trust," not for Himself, for He and the Father are one, but for His own people" ( Hebrews 2:16 ). They look, they stare at me; 18 They divide my garments among them, And for my clothing they cast lots. "Not angels," who have no flesh and blood, but "the children," who have "flesh and blood," He takes hold of to help by "Himself taking part of the same" ( Hebrews 2:14 ). 13 They open wide their mouth at me, As a ravening and a roaring lion. Acts 3:15 , "Prince of life" ( Acts 5:31 ). (Hebrews 2:3-4). The passage goes on to say that Jesus is the One who sanctifies –meaning that He now sets believers apart in this world for the specific purpose of being priests of salvation. it became him--The whole plan was (not only not derogatory to, but) highly becoming God, though unbelief considers it a disgrace [BENGEL]. 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